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The seed/sons of Esau of were dukes. Why are they called dukes?
good question, the Hebrew word is an odd word in its literal meaning, but it can mean governor or captain.
#441 al-LOOF [
From #502]; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although
masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle):—captain, duke, (chief) friend,
governor, guide, ox.
#502 aw-LOF A primitive root, to associate with; hence to learn (and causatively to teach):—learn, teach, utter.
In Anglo-Saxon history, a Duke is one of the nearest in line to be king,
under a prince. However, the main meaning, I believe, in a Duke, is not
only of a royal ruler, but also one who is a military leader, so a
champion or chieftain is also close in meaning to Duke, but of course
with royal descent.
In Esau's case, any notion of "royalty" was self-claimed and imposed on his subjects, Edom eventually
having a king.
In fact, the Edomite-Canaanites and other Canaanites had kings long before Israel did, and
that was a double insult to God, in that, not only did they reject God as their ruler, but they wanted
to be like the vile Canaanite nations around them! nations so vile in all their perversions, that God commanded
their utter destruction and forbade all intermarriage, cooperation, treaties, seeking their peace or prosperity
forever, and all their abominations were perfected and distilled into the Talmud, and these very
people are the ones responsible for these very perversions being injected and bred into Christendom, which
now overruns Christendom and threatens its very existence, for God's people wanting to be like the alien heathen around
them... every vice and perversion, including homosexuality, was rampant among the Canaanites--who eventually stole
true Israel's name and have masqueraded as God's people, after true Israel was cast into captivity
and then scattered throughout the world, where they appeared as Jutes (Judah), Danes (Dan), Goths (Gad, which in Hebrew is
actually Gawd and means to invade or overcome), Gauls (from Hebrew, gawal, "to be the next of kin, kinsman redeemer,
avenger of blood), British (people of the Covenant) Saxons / Sakasuna / Sacae / Saka (sons of Isaac), Scots/Scythians
(from Succuth, tent dwellers), etc.
[See my books, God's Chosen People... and Uncovering the Mysteries of Your Hidden Inheritance.]
Esau of course was Jacob's brother, (sons of Isaac, grandsons of Abraham). Esau despised his heritage and God and
married 2 Canaanite women (a Hivite and a Hittite) and their descendents became Edomites (and a sub-tribe called
Amalekites), who were and are 2 of the worst enemies of true Israel.
Edom was Esau's nickname, which means, "red" (the Bolsheviks, who descended from him, chose this name as a nickname,
though they chose it to signify the white christian blood they would shed). The Hebrew word Edom is actually
related to the Hebrew word Adam, which means "rosy, to blush or flush, ruddy". However, Esau
derived his name, not because he was ruddy (which he was), but the name red was derived from his contempt for his
heritage, in that he sold his birthright for a bowl of red beans.
Esau's Canaanite descendents, Edomites (Jewry, who
were force converted by John Hyrcanus, the Maccabee leader in 126 bc, and at that time adopted Israelite custom,
and infiltrated the land of Israel (the land already being a mixed multitude since the pagan kings, after deporting
true Israel, moved in many corrupt peoples to fill the land-- like they are doing today, to Christendom--to forever
weaken it by destroying its people, and sense of racial and national identity. Rome then set up the Herods as
"puppet kings" (not true kings of Israel), since the Herods were Idumeans (the Greek word for Edomite) and they
were loyal only to their own wealth, and thus Rome knew they could be trusted to be loyal to Rome and not Israel.
The Herods then polluted the priesthood and installed Edomites as priests, and made the lowest of priests to be
high priests (again, ones they knew they could control). Eventually, after the apostolic period, the Edomites
took over entirely and have masqueraded as God's people; and the majority of those who are God's people
(the Anglo-Saxon and related peoples of Christendom) are in blindness and think God's very enemies are His chosen people.
Esau was a ruthless warlord; even when he went to meet Jacob upon Jacob's return from Padan-aram, in the plateau
highlands of northern syria, Jacob having fled to escape Esau's wrath (Esau having threatened to kill him),
Esau travelled with an army of 400 men, and that is
why Jacob was afraid; and had Jacob not humbled himself before God that night, God may not have changed Esau's heart
to be forgiving and affectionate toward his brother; possibly Esau's intentions had been murderous, but God changed
his heart en route)...
Esau later murdered his own inlaws and established his
sons as Dukes, therefore, those Dukes were the leaders of the imposed defacto
government upon a conquered people. In light of Esau's nature and actions, since he was essentially
a warlord, his sons/grandsons were warlords themselves, under him, each governing/keeping subdued some
region in Edom / Seir.
See also my chart, "The Peoples of the Bible"
and my books
Sacred Truth Expository Commentary on Genesis and Judges
What Was the Mark that God Placed on Cain?
Who Was the Serpent in the Garden?